From Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum
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Transliteration: ]ṣịeṣ[???]ụale
Original script: E sL sA14 sU5 s[]S dE sI sS d[

Object: AK-1 rock (stone)
(Inscriptions: AK-1.1, AK-1.2, AK-1.3, AK-1.4, AK-1.5, AK-1.6, AK-1.7, AK-1.8, AK-1.9, AK-1.10, AK-1.11, AK-1.12, AK-1.13, AK-1.14, AK-1.15, AK-1.16, AK-1.17, AK-1.18, AK-1.19, AK-1.20, AK-1.21)
Position: bottom, medial
Orientation: 90°
Frame: Frame middle: top and bottomFrame middle: top and bottom   (, top and bottom, )
Script: North Italic script (Magrè alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 66 cm <br /> – 8.3 cm
Number of letters: 11
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: damaged
Date of inscription: unknown
Date derived from:

Type: prob. votive
Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'of/by X son of Es°' (?)

Alternative sigla: TM 653498



Not previously published. Examined by TIR in July 2014.

Image in Mandl 2011: Abb. 139 (photo).

Length from S d to E s about 44 cm. Running vertically downwards slightly to the left of the centre of the rock wall, ending at about 70 cm from the ground. The leftmost of a group of two (Bildstelle 3, with AK-1.7). The area above the inscription is covered in moss; it cannot be ascertained how far inscription and frame lines extend towards the top. The left and more distinct one does, however, seem to start above of the first S d.

S d is the first recognisable letter – though eroded, the zig-zag line seems unmistakable. Between it and E s, the trace of a hasta, with no traces of bars and hardly more space for anything other than I s. The second S d more doubtful than the first one, then a lacuna with only faint traces visible here and there. After about 20 cm an angle in the upper area which is most probably the upper part of U5 s, then fairly well legible A14 s, followed by unambiguous E sL s. The frame lines seem to end there, no traces of characters are visible below.

Although not much is left of the inscription, the remains strongly suggest a Raetic name formula as attested repeatedly on this rock wall and at Steinberg: an individual name in the pertinentive -si with the name itself (plus frame line) destroyed, followed by a patronymic in -nu-ale, of which the first two letters S dE s are legible. While we cannot assume to know all Raetic names, a possible candidate here is esimne (also occurring on ST-3), with N sM sI s (i.e. esimnuale) fitting the lacuna beautifully. Cf. also possible estanuale in ST-6.


Mandl 2011 Franz Mandl, Felsbilder. Österreich – Bayern: Nördliche Kalkalpen [= Anisa – Verein für alpine Forschung 4], Haus im Ennstal: 2011.