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Transliteration: ????]ẹ?ḳer·(a)ṇu·aḷekas?
Original script: E d?K3 dE dR2 dpunctuation7 dA14 dU5 dpunctuation7 dA14 dL dE dK4 dA14 dS2 d?
E d?K3 dE dR2 dpunctuation7 dA14 dU5 dpunctuation7 dA14 dL4 dE dK4 dA14 dS2 d?

Object: AK-1 rock (stone)
(Inscriptions: AK-1.1, AK-1.2, AK-1.3, AK-1.4, AK-1.5, AK-1.6, AK-1.7, AK-1.8, AK-1.9, AK-1.10, AK-1.11, AK-1.12, AK-1.13, AK-1.14, AK-1.15, AK-1.16, AK-1.17, AK-1.18, AK-1.19, AK-1.20, AK-1.21)
Position: bottom, right
Orientation: 90°
Script: North Italic script (Magrè alphabet)
Direction of writing: dextroverse
Letter height: 9 cm
Number of letters: 14
Number of characters: 16
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: damaged
Date of inscription: unknown [from object]
Date derived from:

Type: prob. votive
Language: Raetic
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: TM 653503



Not previously published. Examined by TIR in July 2014.

Image in Mandl 2011: Abb. 141 (photo).

Length min. 46 cm, starting at about 60 cm from the ground, running vertically upwards, to the immediate right of AK-1.10; the best preserved of the inscriptions in Bildstelle 4.

Traces of about four characters (the last possibly A14 d?) before tentative E d, the exact localisation of whose bars is uncertain. After this, an angle in the lower area, possibly of S2 d. Then probably K3 d; E dR2 d is well legible. Next, a clearly visible separator, followed by A14 d with very faint bar (but see below). After a narrow lacuna, U5 d and another separator. A14 dL dE d is unproblematic (but see below), K3 dA14 d more doubtful. After S2 d, a hasta, then a curved crack. At about 10 cm beyond the crack, potential traces of more characters, but not quite in line with the row of letters described – the inscription probably ends at the crack.

The sequence punctuation7 dA14 dU5 dpunctuation7 dA14 dL dE d in the middle of an inscription is strongly reminiscent of the Steinberg rock inscriptions ST-5 and ST-6, which feature the suffix syntagma -nu-ale written with the first element separated by short medial puncts and written in ligature NU d. In AK-1.11, no angle in the lower area before U5 d can be made out with any certainty, instead the small lacuna contains a round indentation, which is most probably natural (the other separators in the inscription appearing as punctuation7 d). In both ST-5 and ST-6, alpha precedes -nu-ale, but in ST-6, only the element -nu is written between separators. Despite the lacuna it cannot be excluded that the tall chevron identified as A14 d by us does not feature a bar and represents the angle of N2 s in a ligature NU d. In this case, the first separator in AK-1.11 would be inserted in accordance with its usage in ST-6. The letter between A14 d and E d, here read as lambda, actually appears as V d with two bars. The emendation to lambda is based on linguistic grounds, but note that in both ST-5 and ST-6, lambda appears in different variants, with the bar extending from the centre of the hasta. In AK-1.11, the writer may have applied one of the bars to correct a mistake; in any case, either of them might be considered the correct one, hence L d vs. L4 d. AK-1.11 is one of three type-2 petrographs on this rock wall; cf. AK-1.10 and AK-1.17; see Raetic epigraphy.


Mandl 2011 Franz Mandl, Felsbilder. Österreich – Bayern: Nördliche Kalkalpen [= Anisa – Verein für alpine Forschung 4], Haus im Ennstal: 2011.