Property:language

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Property
Description: Specifies the matrix language to which the item belongs.
Type: Text
Allows value: Raetic, Etruscan, Venetic, Camunic, Lepontic, Cisalpine Gaulish, Celtic, Latin, English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, Slovenian, unknown, none

Commentary

Language is a property of inscriptions, words and morphemes, but also of works of secondary literature. Languages of epigraphic texts, obviously, are Etruscan, Raetic, Venetic, Lepontic, Cisalpine Gaulish, Celtic, Camunic and Latin.

Etruscan: A Tyrsenian language, fragmentarily attested mainly in the Etruscan alphabet; an introductory description can be found in Wallace 2008.
Raetic: A Tyrsenian language, fragmentarily attested in the Magrè and Sanzeno alphabets, related to Etruscan. The linguistical ascription of an inscription to Raetic is usually dependent on the presence of certain suffixes; differentiation from Etruscan on purely linguistical grounds may be difficult. See The Raetic language.
Venetic: An Italic (Indo-European) language, fragmentarily attested in the diverse Venetic alphabets; an introductory description can be found in Prosdocimi 1988b.
Lepontic: A Celtic (Indo-European) language, fragmentarily attested in the Lugano alphabet; see the LexLep.
Cisalpine Gaulish: A Celtic (Indo-European) language, fragmentarily attested in the Lugano alphabet; see the LexLep.
Celtic: Cover term for texts written either in Lepontic or Cisalpine Gaulish, between which differentiation may be difficult.
Camunic: A fragmentarily attested language of doubtful attribution (possibly isolated), documented mainly in the Camunic rock alphabet.
Latin: Latin.

Unknown is used when there is insufficient data to ascribe a text to a certain language, and also in cases of inscriptions of doubtful status, i.e. when it is not certain that the inscription has any linguistic content at all. None indicates that the marks in question are, with a high degree of probability, ornamental or unintentional.

Map

Distribution of inscriptions per language:

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Marker FF8080.png Etruscan (0);Marker 80C000.png Raetic (109); Marker 210.png Venetic (0); Marker FF8000.png Lepontic/Cisalpine Gaulish/Celtic (0); Marker 8080C0.png Camunic (0);Marker 800000.png Latin (2) Marker FFFFFF.png none (11); Marker C0C0C0.png unknown (254)

Statistics

Inscriptions

Number of pages in the Category:Inscription (389) per "language":

language occurrence  
Raetic
112 28.79 % show list
Etruscan
0 0.00 % show list
Venetic
0 0.00 % show list
Lepontic
0 0.00 % show list
Cisalpine Gaulish
0 0.00 % show list
Celtic
0 0.00 % show list
Latin
2 0.51 % show list
English
0 0.00 % show list
French
0 0.00 % show list
German
0 0.00 % show list
Italian
0 0.00 % show list
unknown
262 67.35 % show list
none
13 3.34 % show list
Camunic
0 0.00 % show list
Spanish
0 0.00 % show list
Slovenian
0 0.00 % show list

Words

Number of pages in the Category:Word (154) per "language":

language occurrence  
Raetic
141 91.55 % show list
Etruscan
2 1.29 % show list
Venetic
0 0.00 % show list
Lepontic
0 0.00 % show list
Cisalpine Gaulish
0 0.00 % show list
Celtic
1 0.64 % [[θarani(|show page]]
Latin
0 0.00 % show list
English
0 0.00 % show list
French
0 0.00 % show list
German
0 0.00 % show list
Italian
0 0.00 % show list
unknown
12 7.79 % show list
none
0 0.00 % show list
Camunic
0 0.00 % show list
Spanish
0 0.00 % show list
Slovenian
0 0.00 % show list

Morphemes

Number of pages in the Category:Morpheme (11) per "language":

language occurrence  
Raetic
11 100.00 % show list
Etruscan
9 81.81 % show list
Venetic
0 0.00 % show list
Lepontic
0 0.00 % show list
Cisalpine Gaulish
0 0.00 % show list
Celtic
0 0.00 % show list
Latin
0 0.00 % show list
English
0 0.00 % show list
French
0 0.00 % show list
German
0 0.00 % show list
Italian
0 0.00 % show list
unknown
0 0.00 % show list
none
0 0.00 % show list
Camunic
0 0.00 % show list
Spanish
0 0.00 % show list
Slovenian
0 0.00 % show list

References

Number of pages in the Category:Reference (921) per "language":

language occurrence  
Raetic
0 0.00 % show list
Etruscan
0 0.00 % show list
Venetic
0 0.00 % show list
Lepontic
0 0.00 % show list
Cisalpine Gaulish
0 0.00 % show list
Celtic
0 0.00 % show list
Latin
2 0.21 % show list
English
44 4.77 % show list
French
26 2.82 % show list
German
441 47.88 % show list
Italian
437 47.44 % show list
unknown
10 1.08 % show list
none
0 0.00 % show list
Camunic
0 0.00 % show list
Spanish
2 0.21 % show list
Slovenian
1 0.10 % [[Istenič 1985|show page]]
Showing 20 pages using this property.
)
unknown  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
)s +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
-
Raetic  +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
-s +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
-u +
Raetic  +, Etruscan  +
The request is being processed and may take a moment. Preparing ...
{ "type": "PROPERTY_CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA", "constraints": { "type_constraint": "_txt", "allowed_values": [ "Raetic", "Etruscan", "Venetic", "Lepontic", "Cisalpine Gaulish", "Celtic", "Latin", "English", "French", "German", "Italian", "unknown", "none", "Camunic", "Spanish", "Slovenian" ] } }