From Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum
Jump to navigationJump to search
Transliteration: φelituriesielukusletile / kạṛataśna
Original script: E sL2 sI sT3 sE sL2 sS dU2 sK sU2 sL2 sE sI sS dE sI sR sU2 sT3 sI sL2 sE sΦ2 s
A dN sŚ sA dT3 sA dR sA dK s
Variant Reading: φelituriesielukusletile / kạṛataśna

Object: SZ-14 bronze (bronze)
Position: top, bottom, foot
Script: North Italic script (Sanzeno alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 0.9 cm
Number of letters: 22 – 23
Number of lines: 2
Craftsmanship: embossed
Current condition: complete
Date of inscription: 4th–3rd centuries BC [from object]
Date derived from: typology [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'of/by Φeliturie X-ed (and) Sleti, son(s)/daughter(s) of Karataś*'

Alternative sigla: IR 27
TM 218384
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 135



First published in Pellegrini 1951: 315 (no. 14). Autopsied by TIR in October 2014.

Images in Pellegrini 1951: no. 14a (photo) and 131 (14a and b) (drawings), Ciurletti 1992: 30 (drawings), LIR (photos and drawings = IR).

Inscribed on the lower side (line 1) and on the upper side (line 2) of the bronze's base, to be read from the front; length 6.4 cm and 4.3 cm resp. The letters are well visible. The two sequences are highly likely to belong together as one inscription; our arrangement of the lines is based on the interpretation (see below); see Schumacher 1998: 109.

The reading of line 1 is unambiguous. The writer started out with slender and rather densely packed characters, then began to space them out more after E s in eluku – maybe after deciding that the whole inscription couldn't be fit on the lower side anyway. In line 2, initial K s is clear. Then, apparently a writer's mistake: two strokes, slightly inclined to the left, and another one inclined to the right, which has been struck before the second one, followed by a straight hasta considered to belong to the next letter R s. The group between K s and R s can be and is usually interpreted as an A d which had to be squeezed in, maybe after the hasta of R s was struck prematurely. After R s, A d, then a comparatively broad gap (the letters tend to overlap, where that is possible (A dR s, A dN s), but do not in this instance), but an intentional space is unlikely in regard to line 1. A dT3 sA d are clear; then, four strokes which can be read Ś s ś as well as I sN s ni, as the inscription displays both very small gaps between letters on the one hand and gaps of pretty much equal breadth between lines of one letter (tips of R s, secure N s) on the other hand. Final A dN s is unambiguous. After the last letter, two broad indentations on top and bottom of the line, filling the line between it and the horse's foreleg.

Line 1 can be segmented φelituriesi eluku sletile, i.e. two individual names in the pertinentive separated by a deverbal form in -u. The i in φelituriesi is probably epenthetic (see the word page). Despite the lack of case correlation, the sequence in line 2 is best interpreted as the patronymic in -na on which the individual names in line 1 depend; so Schumacher 1998: 109 f., cp. also 112 and SZ-9.1 with (possibly) only the individual name appearing in the pertinentive. Note that the patronymic appears with -na, which – if Schumacher's assumption that -nu is employed in patronymics for mixed couples (p. 296) is correct – contradicts the evidence of NO-3, where the patronymic formed with -nu would determine φel(i)turie to be a male name. Alternatively, on might separate an individual name kara from the associated patronymic taśna. The names in line 1 might then be without patronymic. A less likely alternative for line 2 is reading the second dubious point as ni, which results in a sequence tanina, which might be compared with tani(u)n. While this word is associated with the votive sphere, it does not occur on the Sanzeno bronzes except once on the atypical warrior statuette; also, what to do with final a – a genitive?

Further references: Pellegrini 1951: 325 ff., Mayr 1952: 176 (no. 14), Vetter 1954: 72 (no. 14), Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 224, Ciurletti 1992.


Ciurletti 1992 Gianni Ciurletti, "Omaggio al cavaliere di Sanzeno", in: Ingrid R. Metzger, Paul Gleirscher, Die Räter / I Reti [= Schriftenreihe der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Alpenländer, Neue Folge 4], Bozen: Athesia 1992, 27–39.
IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)
Mayr 1952 Karl M. Mayr, "Zu den Inschriften der Votive von Sanzeno", Der Schlern 26 (1952), 175–177.