From Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum
Jump to navigationJump to search
Transliteration: lup·nu piθiave
Original script: E sV sA5 sI sΘ sI sP2 sspace sU4 sN spunctuation7 sP2 sU2 sL2 s

Object: CE-1 situla (bronze)
(Inscriptions: CE-1.1, CE-1.2, CE-1.3, CE-1.4, CE-1.5)
Position: rim
Script: North Italic script (Sanzeno alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 0.9 cm
Number of letters: 12
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: embossed
Current condition: complete
Date of inscription: 4th century BC [from object]
Date derived from: typology [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'Piθiave, son of Lup*' (?)

Alternative sigla: PID 215 (b2)
IR 5 (b2)
LIR CE-1 (4)
MLR 26 (b2)
TM 218458
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 155, 337



First published in Giovanelli 1834. Autopsied by TIR in October 2014.

Pictures in Giovanelli 1834: drawing (= Giovanelli 1844), Inghirami 1828: Tav. XII (drawing), Giovanelli 1845: tav. I, fig. 7 (drawing = Giovanelli 1876: Taf. I, No. 7), Mommsen 1853: Taf. I, 11 B (drawing), Sulzer 1855: Tav. VII (drawing), CII: tav. I, Corssen 1874: tav. XXIII, Oberziner 1883b: tav. XXIII, AIF I: tav. II, no. 37 (drawing), IR (photo = LIR), Morandi 1982: 201 (drawing), MLR (photo).

Length about 6.3 cm; written on the rim of the situla, starting at about 14 cm after CE-1.2, facing outward. Applied neatly with thin strokes (<1 mm). CE-1.2 and CE-1.3 resemble each other in ductus (vertical hastae in Alpha and Upsilon, vertical second bar in Nu) and execution (fine tool, slender letters) and may well have been written in one go.

The inscription is tidy, the reading is unambiguous. The small oblique mark line d 01 s inside the angle of initial L2 s is slighter than the others and certainly unintentional. The two sequences can be interpreted as a patronymic and an individual name, though not in the more usual order. They are separated by a pronounced distance (0.7 cm); a punctuation mark punctuation7 s is used to separate the patronymic suffix -nu from the base. The find place of the inscription lies between the alphabets of Sanzeno and Magrè, that is, their respective areas of use, so word-internal punctuation is not completely out of place. But note that this is the only separator in any of the inscriptions on the situla; the patronymic in CE-1.2 is not punctuated.

Further reference: Inghirami 1828: 210–218 (= a letter from Giovanelli to Inghirami (1832), followed by Inghirami's reply (1833); the latter is also reprinted in the original publication), Giovanelli 1844: 99–113, Mommsen 1853: No. 11, Sulzer 1855: 22, Weber 1861: 31–32, Schneller 1866: 185 ff., CII: no. 12, Suppl. I: 5 f., 100, Corssen 1874: 919 ff., Pichler 1880: no. 1, Oberziner 1883b: 182 ff., AIF I: no. 37 (c), Runes 1935, Battisti 1944: 235 f., Mayr 1959d, Pisani 1964: 323 f., Morandi 1982: no. 77, Battisti 1936b: 596 f., Kretschmer 1943: 170 ff., Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 233 f.


AIF I Carl Pauli, Altitalische Forschungen. Band 1: Die Inschriften nordetruskischen Alphabets, Leipzig: 1885.
Battisti 1936b Carlo Battisti, "Rassegna critica degli studi linguistici sull'Alto Adige nel quinquennio 1931-36", Archivio per l'Alto Adige 31/2 (1936), 561–611.
Battisti 1944 Carlo Battisti, "Osservazioni sulla lingua delle iscrizioni nell'alfabeto etrusco settentrionale di Bolzano", Studi Etruschi 18 (1944), 199–236.
CII Ariodante Fabretti, Corpus inscriptionum italicarum, Torino: 1867. (2 volumes)
Corssen 1874 Wilhelm Paul Corssen, Ueber die Sprache der Etrusker. Band 1, Leipzig: 1874.
Giovanelli 1834 Benedetto Giovanelli, "Ueber ein rhätisches Gefäß und über rhätische Paläographie", Beiträge zur Geschichte, Statistik, Naturkunde und Kunst von Tirol und Vorarlberg 8 (1834), 133–149.
Giovanelli 1844 Benedetto Giovanelli, Dei Rezj. Dell'origini de' popoli d'Italia e d'una iscrizione rezio-etrusca. Pensieri di Benedetto Conte Giovanelli Podestà di Trento, Trento: 1844.
Giovanelli 1845 Benedetto Giovanelli, Le antichità rezio-etrusche scoperte presso Matrai nel Maggio 1845, Trento: Monauni 1845.
Giovanelli 1876 Benedetto Giovanelli, "Die Rhätisch-Etruskischen Alterthümer entdeckt bei Matrei im Mai 1845", Zeitschrift des Ferdinandeums für Tirol und Vorarlberg 3/20 (1876), 45–99.
Inghirami 1828 Francesco Inghirami (Ed.), Lettere di etrusca erudizione, Fiesole: 1828.
IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
Kretschmer 1943 Paul Kretschmer, "Die vorgriechischen Sprach- und Volksschichten (Fortsetzung)", Glotta 30 (1943), 84–218.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)