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Transliteration: θul·te?·s[? / $ teris·ṇ[
Original script: A3 d]S spunctuation sline d 01 sline d 11 sline d 11 sline d 10 sE2 sT4 spunctuation sL sU sΘ s
]N spunctuation sS dI sR2 sE2 sT4 sspace ssymbol4 s

Object: SR-4 antler (antler)
Position: front
Script: North Italic script (Magrè alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 1.21.2 cm <br /> – 1.7 cm
Number of letters: 13
Number of characters: 16
Number of lines: 2
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: fragmentary
Date of inscription: 3rd century BC [from object]
Date derived from: archaeological context [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: IR 86
TM 218462
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 157, 337 f.



First published in Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965: 11 f. (no. 4). Autopsied by TIR in November 2014.

Images in Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965: 11 (drawings) and fig. 6 (photos), Perini 1978: 84 (sub "Retico") (drawing), IR (drawings = LIR), LIR (photos).

Written in two lines (remains about 5.5 cm each), starting at the preserved end of the object; tidily scratched and well legible. Epsilon is inverted in both lines, Sigma appears once turned in, once against writing direction. The inscription is distinguished by the presence of non-script elements. While the symbol symbol4 s before the first letter of line 2 is more deeply scratched and might not belong with the inscription (cp. the chevron-shaped marks on SR-3 antler, SR-6 antler and SR-9 antler), the three oblique scratches inserted between E2 s and punctuation s are definitely part of it. Seeing as the rules for Venetic syllable punctuation are applied correctly in case of the other two punctuation marks (after L s and S d), the mark after line d 01 sline d 11 sline d 11 sline d 10 s suggests that the three lines represent a consonant. Pellegrini (p. 18) compared line v 0111 sline d 1000 sline d 2000 sline v 0111 sline d 1000 sline d 2000 sline v 0111 s on BZ-10.1 and proposed a simplified form of Heta; Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 234 f. suggested San. Of the letter after S s, a slightly inclined hasta and the end of a bar line d 02 s are left; E2 s and A3 d are possible. The last preserved letter in line 2 can despite the missing second bar be identified as N s. (Note that a fragment of the object has broken off and disappeared, damaging the hasta of N s – cp. the drawings and photographs provided by Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965 and Mancini). We can identify terisna in line 2; the sequence in line 1 is obscure.

Further references: Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965: 23.


IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)