Property:sigla group

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Description: Letters of the inscription sigla
Type: Text
Allows value: SZ, NO, FI, CE, SR, MA, AS, PA, VR, TV, VN, BZ, RN, PU, WE, IT, ST, EN, HU, SL, AV, TR, AK, UG, SI, FP


The principle of ordering inscriptions by sigla according to find provinces goes back to Pellegrini & Prosdocimi's 1967 edition of the Venetic corpus. The system was adopted by Schumacher 1992 in his CIRCE; Schumacher's allocations and codes (see p. 123; augmented in 2004 (p. 320) and the TIR) are used in the TIR. A siglum consists of two capital letters indicating the find province, connected to the reference number of the inscription by a hyphen. This convention ensures that the Raetic sigla can be readily distinguished from those used for the other epigraphic corpora of Northern Italy: The Lepontic sigla also have two capitals, but are separated from the reference number by a medial dot, the Venetic sigla consist of a capital and a minuscule followed by a space, the Etruscan sigla of the Etruskischen Texte are recognisable by their additional ordering by object type. Most Raetic sigla codes represent geographically rather than a politically defined areas, i.e. mostly valleys, especially in the Raetic core area. The range of individual codes is determined by practical considerations, i.e. how many inscriptions come or may be expected from an area. For example, the entire Italian province Treviso, yielding mostly Venetic inscriptions, is covered by the code TV, whereas the province Bolzano is separated into six smaller geographically defined areas (BZ, VN, RN, SI, WE, PU). Important sites with a substantial number of inscriptions may even be awarded codes of their own (e.g. MA = Magrè), even when they are located in one of the larger areas (e.g. most notably SZ = Sanzeno in the Non valley = NO). Sites of rock inscriptions also get their own codes. The established codes will not be changed or redefined in a way that would affect the existing inscription sigla, but the range of individual codes may be reduced or expanded to fit possibly different conditions of the corpus in the future.

The following table details what area or find place the sigla codes used in the TIR represent. Codes supplemented after Schumacher 2004 are marked with an asterisk. For a list of all sites belonging to each sigla group see below sub "Statistics".

SL Slovenia
TV Province of Treviso
PA Province of Padova
VR Province of Verona
TR Trissino site (settlement)
MA Magrè site (sanctuary)
AS Val d'Astico (valley of the river Astico above Piovene Rocchette; also including the Altopiano di Asiago)
SR Serso site (settlement)
CE Val di Cembra / Zimmerstal (lower Avisio valley from the estuary to Castello di Fiemme)
FI Val di Fiemme / Fleimstal (lower Avisio valley above Castello di Fiemme)
SZ Sanzeno in the Non valley site (settlement with emporion character)
NO The rest of the Non valley (basin north of Trento and west of the river Etsch)
VN Vinschgau (upper Etsch valley between Meran / Merano and the Reschen pass)
BZ Area of Bozen / Bolzano (incl. Burggrafenamt and Unterland = middle Etsch valley, Überetsch, and the basin of confluence of the Etsch, Eisack and Talfer rivers)
RN Ritten / Renon (elevated plain north of Bozen / Bolzano between the rivers Eisack and Talfer)
SI* Seiser Alm and the Schlern area (submountainous area east of Bozen / Bolzano and the Eisack river)
WE Wipptal and Eisacktal (lower Eisack valley below Franzensfeste = Eisacktal, upper Eisack valley and Sill valley = Wipptal)
PU Pustertal / Val Pusteria (western Puster valley / Rienz valley)
IT Tiroler Inntal (Oberes Gericht, Oberinntal and Unterinntal)
FP Fern pass site (putative sanctuary)
ST Steinberg am Rofan site (rock inscriptions)
AK* Achenkirch site (rock inscriptions)
UG* Unterammergau site (rock inscriptions)
AV Bayerisches Alpenvorland (plateau and foothills north of the Alps in Bavaria)
EN Engadin (upper Inn valley)

Within one sigla group, the inscriptions are not ordered – some parts of the corpus may convey this impression, because Schumacher originally arranged the inscriptions by find spot for a tidy presentation. Any new inscription will now simply be assigned the next free number.

Despite the fact that an inscription and the object it is written on are two entirely different things, two or more inscriptions written on the same object tend to be treated under one entry in the epigraphical literature. This is expedient as such inscriptions often belong together, sometimes being simply repetitions of the same sequence. It is, however, useful to clearly distinguish between such cases and single lengthy inscriptions which are for example written on both the back and the front of an object. Therefore, (allegedly) different inscriptions on the same object are filed under the same reference number in TIR, but distingushed by sub-numbers, which are separated from the reference number by a dot, e.g. SZ-1.1. When this is the case, the superordinated siglum, e.g. SZ-1, is ambiguous; if searched, a disambiguation page provides links to the subordinated pages. A list of subordinated sigla can be found on Property:disambiguation.

In the case of rock inscriptions, one rock qualifies as one object. The inscriptions of Steinberg, which have since their first publication been counted as ST-1 to ST-9, are an exception; the traditional sigla are retained to avoid confusion. Sigla which have been vacated (e.g. because the assumed find place was incorrect) are not reused for new inscriptions for the same reason.


Sites of Raetic inscription finds as assigned to the sigla groups of the Raetic corpus (without HU):

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  SL   TR   CE   BZ   WE   AK   AV
  TV   MA   FI   VN   PU   ST
  PA   AS   SZ   RN   IT   UG
  VR   SR   NO   SI   EN   FP



Number of pages in the Category:Inscription (389) per "sigla group":

sigla group occurrence  
126 32.39 % show list
19 4.88 % show list
1 0.25 % [[FI-1|show page]]
5 1.28 % show list
16 4.11 % show list
22 5.65 % show list
32 8.22 % show list
1 0.25 % [[PA-1|show page]]
16 4.11 % show list
2 0.51 % show list
22 5.65 % show list
32 8.22 % show list
3 0.77 % show list
11 2.82 % show list
8 2.05 % show list
9 2.31 % show list
9 2.31 % show list
1 0.25 % [[EN-1|show page]]
9 2.31 % show list
4 1.02 % show list
1 0.25 % [[AV-1|show page]]
5 1.28 % show list
24 6.16 % show list
8 2.05 % show list
2 0.51 % show list
1 0.25 % [[FP-1|show page]]


Sites (55) belonging to each "sigla group":

sigla group sites
SZ Sanzeno 1
NO Cles, Dercolo, Mechel / Meclo, Revò, Tavòn 5
FI Tesero 1
CE Cembra 1
SR Serso 1
MA Magrè 1
AS Piovene Rocchette, Rotzo 2
PA Padova 1
VR Ca' dei Cavri, Castelrotto, Montorio Veronese, San Briccio, San Giorgio di Valpolicella, San Pietro in Cariano, Verona 7
TV Castelcies 1
VN Mals / Malles Venosta, Schluderns / Sluderno 2
BZ Bozen / Bolzano, Eppan / Appiano, Jenesien / San Genesio Atesino, Kaltern / Caldaro, Meran / Merano, Pfatten / Vadena, Siebeneich / Settequerce, Terlan / Terlano, Tisens / Tesimo 9
RN Klobenstein / Collalbo, Ritten / Renon 2
PU Lothen / Campolino, St. Lorenzen / San Lorenzo di Sebato 2
WE Brixen / Bressanone, Matrei am Brenner, Mellaun / Meluno, Sterzing / Vipiteno 4
IT Ampass, Fliess, Fritzens, Pfaffenhofen, Volders 5
ST Brandenberg 1
EN Ardez 1
HU   0
SL Vače, Ženjak 2
AV Nußdorf 1
TR Trissino 1
AK Achenkirch 1
UG Unterammergau 1
SI Seis am Schlern / Siusi allo Sciliar 1
FP Biberwier 1


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The request is being processed and may take a moment. Preparing ...
{ "type": "PROPERTY_CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA", "constraints": { "type_constraint": "_txt", "allowed_values": [ "SZ", "NO", "FI", "CE", "SR", "MA", "AS", "PA", "VR", "TV", "VN", "BZ", "RN", "PU", "WE", "IT", "ST", "EN", "HU", "SL", "AV", "TR", "AK", "UG", "SI", "FP" ] } }