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Transliteration: taniun : laśanuale / utiku : terunies : sχaistala
Original script: E sL2 sA dU2 sN sA dŚ sA dL2 spunctuation sN sU2 sI sN sA dT3 s
A dL2 sA dT3 sS sI sA dΧ sS dpunctuation sS dE sI sN sU2 sR sE sT3 spunctuation sU2 sK sI sT3 sU2 s

Object: BZ-3 simpulum (bronze)
Position: handle
Script: North Italic script (Sanzeno alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 0.6 cm
Number of letters: 37
Number of characters: 40
Number of lines: 2
Craftsmanship: embossed
Current condition: complete, restored
Date of inscription: 5th–4th centuries BC [from object]
Date derived from: typology [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: '(?) to/by/for (?) Laśanu X-ed of Terunie (?)' (?)

Alternative sigla: PID 191
MLR 272
TM 218525
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 179, 341


First published in Meyer 1901, but mentioned already by Wieser 1889. Autopsied by TIR in November 2013.

Pictures in Meyer 1901: 2 (drawing = Mayr 1960e: Abb. 1), LIR (drawings), MLR (photos).

Length 8.3 cm / 9.5 cm respectively. The L2 s in laśanuale has two bars; the leftmost one may be a failed attempt at either the bar of L2 s (not close enough to the hasta) or unintentional – a similar small stroke, without white inlay, precedes the first stroke of U2 s in utiku at the top of the line. A reading V2 s, as suggested by Whatmough and Battisti 1944: 223, is unlikely, as E s is upright. Cp. VN-10. No white inlay in the last punctuation mark.

It is very probable that the two lines form one inscription, though it is not clear where the text starts. The exemplary patronymic laśanuale in the pertinentive case (the donor?) is missing a corresponding individual name; on taniun see the word page. On the other side, utiku is followed by possibly an individual name in the genitive perunies (the recipient?). sχaistala remains lexically and grammatically opaque; a separation into sχais and †pala, as performed by Pisani 1935: 94, is not likely, seeing how diligently separators are used elsewhere in the inscription.

Further references: NRIE 91, Cortsen 1925: 70, Battisti 1936: 500, Franz 1959: 228 (sub 2), Mayr 1960e, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 227.


Battisti 1936 Carlo Battisti, "Rivista Linguistica Etrusca 1932-35 (Prima puntata)", Studi Etruschi 10 (1936), 488–517.
Battisti 1944 Carlo Battisti, "Osservazioni sulla lingua delle iscrizioni nell'alfabeto etrusco settentrionale di Bolzano", Studi Etruschi 18 (1944), 199–236.
Cortsen 1925 Søren Peter Cortsen, Die etruskischen Standes- und Beamtentitel, durch die Inschriften beleuchtet, København: 1925.
Franz 1959 Leonhard Franz, "Rätische Inschriften im Innsbrucker Landesmuseum", Der Schlern 33 (1959), 228–229.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)