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Transliteration: piθamne helanu
Original script: U sN sA3 sL sE3 sH3 sspace sE4 sN sM sA4 sΘ sI sP s

Object: MA-1 antler (antler)
Position: front
Script: North Italic script (Magrè alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 0.90.9 cm <br /> – 2.8 cm
Number of letters: 13
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: complete
Date of inscription: 3rd–2nd centuries BC [from object]
Date derived from: archaeological context [from object]

Type: unknown
Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'Piθamne, son of Hela*'

Alternative sigla: PID 221
IR 6
MLR 61
TM 218474
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 161, 338 f.


First published in Pellegrini 1918: 184 f. (no. 12).

Images in Pellegrini 1918: 184, fig. 19 (drawing), IR (photos tav. XXXIX b, c =LIR), LIR (drawings), MLR (photo).

Length 10.3 cm. The lines are thin but well visible on the smooth surface; the reading is unambiguous. The writer started by aligning his letters on the upper edge. After a small space, the letters of the second sequence take up the entire breadth of the now narrower surface; the last two letters are smaller and wedged in between the lower edge and the drilled hole. Alpha and the first Epsilon are inverted, which is not unusual in the Magrè inscriptions, especially in the case of Epsilon (cp. MA-6, MA-8, MA-9 and MA-11, for Alpha MA-10). Theta is slightly lopsided (cp. MA-2 and MA-6).

The inscription contains a Raetic name formula (individual name + patronym in -nu).

On the back, at 3.2 cm from the broader end, an arrangement of lines of varying thickness in groups is visible near the upper and lower edges where the cut face is intact (length about 2 cm), as is the case in all the antler votives from Magrè.

Further references: Kretschmer 1932, Battisti 1936: 496, 498, Vetter 1943: 80, Kretschmer 1943: 177 f., Vetter 1954: 73 f., Pellegrini & Prosdocimi 1967: 158, Pisani 1964: 318 (no. 134a), Tibiletti Bruno 1967: 1 ff., Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 237, 245, 247, Markey 2006: 164.


Battisti 1936 Carlo Battisti, "Rivista Linguistica Etrusca 1932-35 (Prima puntata)", Studi Etruschi 10 (1936), 488–517.
IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
Kretschmer 1932 Paul Kretschmer, "Die Etruskerfrage und die Inschriften von Magrè", in: Axel Nelson (Ed.), Symbolae philologicae O.A. Danielsson Octogenario dicatae, Uppsala: 1932, 134–142.
Kretschmer 1943 Paul Kretschmer, "Die vorgriechischen Sprach- und Volksschichten (Fortsetzung)", Glotta 30 (1943), 84–218.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)
Markey 2006 Thomas L. Markey, "Early Celticity in Slovenia and at Rhaetic Magrè (Schio)", Linguistica 46 (2006), 145–171.