From Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum
Jump to navigationJump to search
Transliteration: laustẹ
Original script: E sT3 sS dU2 sA dL2 s

Object: HU-5 bronze (bronze)
(Inscriptions: HU-5.1, HU-5.2, HU-5.3)
Position: centre"centre" is not in the list (front, back, top, bottom, inside, outside, neck, shoulder, foot, handle, ...) of allowed values for the "position" property.
Orientation: 180°
Script: North Italic script (Sanzeno alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 0.60.6 cm <br /> – 1 cm
Number of letters: 6
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: embossed
Current condition: unknown
Date of inscription: 4th–3rd centuries BC [from object]
Date derived from: typology [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'Lauste' (PN)

Alternative sigla: LIR SA-19 (a)
MLR 305 (a)
TM 653548
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 331


First published in Schumacher 1994: 315 ff. Autopsied by Stefan Schumacher in October 1992.

Images in Gempeler 1976: Abb. 11a (photo = LIR) and 11b (drawing), Schumacher 1994: Abb. 5 (drawing based on the one in Gempeler 1976 = Schumacher 2004: Taf. 17,1 = LIR), MLR (photo and drawing = Gempeler 1976 photo and drawing).

Inscribed upside-down on the horse's belly behind the rider's leg; length about 2 cm. Schumacher 1994 describes the inscription as follows (looking at the letters upright, with the object upside-down): L2 s features a short bar line d 2000 s extending from the top against writing direction; it is situated in the angle next to the rider's leg and probably not relevant. T3 s is smaller than the preceding letters and closer to the horse's back, but unambiguous. The upper part of the final letter is damaged by corrosion – V s cannot be excluded, but E s is much more probable phonetically. Mancini's reading p/lausuθ can be excluded due to the orientation of the second Upsilon. The sequence is best interpreted as a Raetic individual name, possibly identical with lasta and/or lasθe.

The letter forms clearly demonstrate the inscription to be written in the Sanzeno alphabet; the inscription should be considered part of the subcorpus of the Sanzeno votive inscriptions on bronzes (as done in LIR, cp. also Ciurletti 1992: 35 f.), even though the provenance of the object cannot be verified.


Ciurletti 1992 Gianni Ciurletti, "Omaggio al cavaliere di Sanzeno", in: Ingrid R. Metzger, Paul Gleirscher, Die Räter / I Reti [= Schriftenreihe der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Alpenländer, Neue Folge 4], Bozen: Athesia 1992, 27–39.
Gempeler 1976 Robert D. Gempeler, Werke der Antike im Kunsthaus Zürich [= Sammlungsheft 5], Zürich: Kunsthaus Zürich 1976.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)