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Transliteration: φanaχi / nụaute
Original script: I sΧ3 sA dN sA dΦ2 s
E sT3 sU2 sA dU2 sN s
Variant Reading: φanaχi / nḷaute
I sΧ3 sA dN sA dΦ2 s
E sT3 sU2 sA dL2 sN s

Object: BZ-6 slab (stone)
Position: front, upper area"upper area" is not in the list (front, back, top, bottom, inside, outside, neck, shoulder, foot, handle, ...) of allowed values for the "position" property., side"side" is not in the list (front, back, top, bottom, inside, outside, neck, shoulder, foot, handle, ...) of allowed values for the "position" property.
Orientation: 90°
Script: North Italic script (Sanzeno alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 88 cm <br /> – 12 cm
Number of letters: 11
Number of lines: 2
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: complete, damaged
Archaeological culture: Late Iron Age [from object]
Date of inscription:
Date derived from:

Language: unknown
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: IR 81
MLR 271
TM 218528
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 179



First published in Mayr 1962b.

Images in Mayr 1962b: 285 (drawing) and Abb. 1 (photos = Prosdocimi 1971: 40), IR (photos tav. LIV, a and b), LIR (drawings), MLR (photos).

Inscribed on one broad (line 1) and one narrow (line 2) side of the slab, running downwards; length 47.5 cm and 38 cm respectively. The stone, particularly the side bearing line 1, is not much eroded; the lines are broad and somewhat fuzzy, but even line 2 is well visible on the uneven surface. Apart from a piece of stone broken off the top on the side above line 2, the slab and inscription seem to be complete. While line 1 starts at the very top, line 2 starts right under the damaged area – the inscription may have been applied after the slab was damaged. There are no traces of a letter before N s in line 2. An independence of the two lines can be excluded on the basis of similarities in the execution of some letters (A d tilted against writing direction, N s with a rather level first and almost vertical second bar).

The reading of line 1 φanaχi is unambiguous. The left half of Φ2 s, the shorter hastae of A d, and the lateral lines of Χ3 s are slightly rounded. In line 2, the letters E sT3 sU2 sA dN s are written in full size; the hastae of E s and T3 s are curiously curved. Under the angle of N s, a small U2 s or L2 s seems to have been inserted. (Mayr's assumption that the angle in question is merely that of N s, which had been written incorrectly, then repeated above, is not feasible.) Prosdocimi's reading with Lambda is grounded on the asymmetry of the letter, which may however be due only to the awkward position. The cluster nl is more manifest only in light of the following diphthong and the implausibility of a sequence uau, but it might be surmised that the belated addition of a letter did not necessarily result in a correct inscription, and that neither nlaute nor nuaute represent the intended outcome.


IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)