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Transliteration: φ̣]rimapiθamn[ụ
Original script: U sN sM sA3 dΘ sI sP5 sA3 dM sI sR s[Φ2 s
Variant Reading: φ̣]rima piθamn[ạ
A3 dN sM sA3 dΘ sI sP5 sA3 dM sI sR s[Φ2 s

Object: SR-5 antler (antler)
Position: front
Script: North Italic script (Magrè alphabet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Letter height: 1.11.1 cm <br /> – 1.6 cm
Number of letters: 12
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: damaged, complete
Date of inscription: 3rd century BC [from object]
Date derived from: archaeological context [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'Φrima, son/daughter of Piθam(n)e'

Alternative sigla: IR 87
TM 218463
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 157, 338



First published in Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965: 12 f. (no. 5). Autopsied by TIR in November 2014.

Images in Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965: 12 (drawing) and fig. 8 (photo), IR (drawing = LIR), LIR (photo).

Length of the remains about 10.5 cm. The scratches are deep and broad and very clearly legible. The letter preceding R s is almost certainly Φ2 s: The breaking edge, along which the edges of lines can be seen, runs in a tidy angle. Cp. SZ-2. The reading of the sixth letter as Pi is backed by the excellent documentation of the individual name piθam(n)e. The letter after N s might be A3 d or U s; the latter option is more likely, as no trace of the tip of a bar can be made out. See ??? for a discussion on whether the use of -nu vs. -na indicates gender. It is probable that the inscription as given above is complete.

Below I sR s, a sequence S dI sS s is inscribed in the same manner as the inscription proper; the two Sigmas being opposed, it is symmetrical and most certainly non-script. The same goes for the scratches on the back of the object: A sequence ]K sI sI sI sR sI s or similar, length 1.8 cm, damaged along the middle by a broad crack, is applied with a different instrument; also non-script.

Further references: Pellegrini & Sebesta 1965: 20 f., Mayr 1965, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 235 f.


IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)