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Transliteration: esium·ninuśur·
Original script: E dS dI dU dMpunct dN dI dN dU dŚ dU dRpunct2 d

Object: MA-14 antler (antler)
Position: front, unknown
Script: North Italic script (Magrè alphabet)
Direction of writing: dextroverse
Letter height: 1.71.7 cm <br /> – 2.2 cm
Number of letters: 12
Number of characters: 14
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: engraved
Current condition: complete
Date of inscription: 3rd–2nd centuries BC [from object]
Date derived from: archaeological context [from object]

Type: unknown
Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'son of Esi/umne ?'

Alternative sigla: PID 234
IR 10
MLR 53
TM 218487
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 164, 340


First published in Pellegrini 1918: 179 (no. 2).

Images in Pellegrini 1918: 179, fig. 9 (drawing), IR (photo tav. XL b = LIR), LIR (drawing), MLR (photo).

Length 5.7 cm, starting at the broader end of the antler piece. Considerable surface damage impedes the reading, but the lines are engraved deeply and clearly, so that the reading is unambiguous. Only the angle of the first Nu is partly abraded.

Syllabic punctuation is applied correctly, marking m in the nasal cluster and word-final r. The text can be segmented into two sequences esiumninu and śur. esiumninu is a patronym in -nu from either esimne or esumne (cp. esiunne SZ-15.1), here with a reflex of the auslauting vowel retained before the suffix. śur is opaque.

The object is the only antler piece from Magrè without marks on the back.

Further references: Kretschmer 1932, Vetter 1943: 80, Kretschmer 1943: 177, 191, Pisani 1964: 318 (no. 134l), Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 237 f.


IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
Kretschmer 1932 Paul Kretschmer, "Die Etruskerfrage und die Inschriften von Magrè", in: Axel Nelson (Ed.), Symbolae philologicae O.A. Danielsson Octogenario dicatae, Uppsala: 1932, 134–142.
Kretschmer 1943 Paul Kretschmer, "Die vorgriechischen Sprach- und Volksschichten (Fortsetzung)", Glotta 30 (1943), 84–218.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)