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Transliteration: enikes
Original script: S dE2 sK2 sI sN sE2 s

Object: BZ-2 axe (bronze)
Position: proximal, lateral
Script: North Italic script
Direction of writing: ambiguous
Letter height: 1.11.1 cm <br /> – 1.7 cm
Number of letters: 6
Number of lines: 1
Craftsmanship: embossed
Current condition: complete, restored
Archaeological culture: Hallstatt D, La Tène A [from object]
Date of inscription: 5th century BC [from object]
Date derived from: typology [from object]

Language: Raetic
Meaning: 'of Enike'

Alternative sigla: PID 190
MLR 277
TM 218524
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 178


First published in Campi 1901: 6. Autopsied by TIR in November 2013.

Image in LIR (drawing).

Length 2.6 cm. The orientation of the inscription is ambiguous: Either N s or E s is written upside-down. Above representation chooses the sinistroverse reading because of its statistical prevalence and the more usual orientation of S d. The execution of the strokes, on the other hand, points toward a dextroverse reading, assuming that the side with the letters aligned more neatly (the one with the tips of E s) is the upper side. Compare BZ-1 for another inscription of doubtful orientation, which might be read dextroverse with upside-down N2 s. Probably an owner's inscription.

Further references: NRIE: 84, Battisti 1936: 495, Kretschmer 1943: 212, Battisti 1944: 223, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 230.


Battisti 1936 Carlo Battisti, "Rivista Linguistica Etrusca 1932-35 (Prima puntata)", Studi Etruschi 10 (1936), 488–517.
Battisti 1944 Carlo Battisti, "Osservazioni sulla lingua delle iscrizioni nell'alfabeto etrusco settentrionale di Bolzano", Studi Etruschi 18 (1944), 199–236.
Campi 1901 Luigi Campi, "Iscrizione Funeraria Etrusca Rinvenuto in Tavon nella Naunia", Archivio Trentino XVI (1901), 3–12.
Kretschmer 1943 Paul Kretschmer, "Die vorgriechischen Sprach- und Volksschichten (Fortsetzung)", Glotta 30 (1943), 84–218.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)