SZ-69 potsherd

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Classification: bowl
Archaeological type: black-coated pottery
Material: pottery
Size: height: 5.1 cm, maximum diameter: 13.6 cm, base diameter: 6 cm, thickness: 6 mm
Condition: fragmentary
Archaeological culture: Roman republican period
Date: -100
Date derived from: typology

Site: Sanzeno (Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy)
Coordinates (approx.): 46° 21' 57.60" N, 11° 4' 30.00" E [from site]
Find date:
Find circumstances: old finding
Current location: Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum (repository)
Inventory Nr.: 12.598

Inscription: SZ-69 (?ana)

Sources: IR: 284 (No. 68), pl. LI, fig. a


Fragment of a ceramic vessel.
The potsherd presents the bottom of a black-coated (a vernice nera) bowl with foot. Fine clay, beige in colour with a black coat (a vernice nera); moderate tempered of fine grained sand and argentine mica; burnished.
No further decoration visible.
Around the foot Latinoid characters.
Further find circumstances like exact find place or find date are unknown.
Due to the condition the ceramic fragment can only be classified insufficiently (cp. the corresponding conclusion related to the entire group of import wares in Demetz 1992: 638). However it must be assumed that this ceramic fragment represents black-coated (a vernice nera) pottery (Campana pottery), i.e. this fragment is either imported/foreign pottery or an upper Italic imitation of this ceramic type. It is a fact that black-coated Campana pottery (a vernice nera) was discovered in the settlements of the late La Tène period as well as it occurs more frequently as stray finds in the Italian provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino (cp. Gamper 2006: 225, and in particular the distribution map in Demetz 1992: 639, fig. 5; cp. also the note related to the distribution map: Demetz 1992: 649–650, fn. 37). Comparable pottery is known as well from the Ganglegg (cp. Gamper 2006: 225). Also imported pottery as well as imitation of the foreign ceramic were discorvered in Ornavasso and in the celtic grave fields of the Padan Plain. In this context it can be noted that the local manufacturing of the imitating pottery predominates since the first century BC (cp. Gamper 2006: 224). The present potsherd is comparable to the Roman republican pottery discovered also on the Ganglegg. According to Demetz the distinction between the Roman republican pottery a vernice nera and the black sigillata ceramic which occurs in particular in the transition period to the red terra sigillata, i.e. in the early Augustan period, but also still in the early Tiberian period, is only with high effort possible (cp. Demetz 1992: 638). In all probability a dating to the Roman republican period, i.e. to the 2nd–1st centuries BC, is to be favoured.
Probably first published in IR: 284 (No. 68), however with particular regards to the inscription.
Autopsied by the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum in November 2013.



Demetz 1992 Stefan Demetz, "Rom und die Räter. Ein Resümee aus archäologischer Sicht", in: Ingrid R. Metzger, Paul Gleirscher, Die Räter / I Reti [= Schriftenreihe der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Alpenländer, Neue Folge 4], Bozen: Athesia 1992, 631–653.
Gamper 2006 Peter Gamper, Die latènezeitliche Besiedlung am Ganglegg in Südtirol. Neue Forschungen zur Fritzens-Sanzeno-Kultur [= Internationale Archäologie 91], Rahden/Westfalen: Leidorf 2006.
IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.