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Transliteration: ?
Original script: ?

Object: SZ-20 bronze (bronze)
(Inscriptions: SZ-20, SZ-21)
Position: front, upper area"upper area" is not in the list (front, back, top, bottom, inside, outside, neck, shoulder, foot, handle, ...) of allowed values for the "position" property.
Script: unknown
Direction of writing: unknown
Craftsmanship: embossed
Current condition: complete, restored
Date of inscription: 5th–1st centuries BC [from object]
Date derived from: cultural context [from object]

Language: unknown
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: PID 202
MLR 239
TM 218391
Sources: Schumacher 2004: 137


First published in PID. Autopsied by TIR in November 2013.

Image in LIR (drawing).

Along the edge on the animal's back, over a length about 4 cm, a succession of short strokes and angles: Whatmough, from Conway's drawing, read punctuation7 sI spunctuation7 sV sA dI sP2 sI sP2 sP2 sI sN sP2 s pnippipiav.i.. Mancini, despite conceding that the inscription is "in realtà inutilizzabile", suggests possible readings il.nuapiśav.i. or la.nuep.mav.i.. Despite the appropriately word-final occurrence of Venetic H4 s, the stokes are more likely to be decorative, possibly indicating a mane (see SZ-20 on the question of which animal we are looking at). Cp., however, SZ-13, also on an object atypical among the Sanzeno bronzes, with a very similar row of strokes along the edge, which cannot be interpreted as a mane or the like.

Due to a misunderstanding by Whatmough, inscriptions SZ-20 and SZ-21 were thought to be inscribed on two different, though similar, objects.

Further references: NRIE 98, Battisti 1944: 230.


Battisti 1944 Carlo Battisti, "Osservazioni sulla lingua delle iscrizioni nell'alfabeto etrusco settentrionale di Bolzano", Studi Etruschi 18 (1944), 199–236.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)