SZ-59 bowl

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Classification: bowl
Archaeological type: Sanzeno-Schale
Material: pottery
Size: height: 6.5 cm, rim diameter: 9.2 cm, maximum diameter: 9.6 cm, base diameter: 3.2 cm, thickness: 5 mm
Condition: complete, damaged, restored
Date: 3rd–2nd centuries BC
Date derived from: typology

Site: Sanzeno (Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy)
Coordinates (approx.): 46° 21' 57.60" N, 11° 4' 30.00" E [from site]
Find date: 22.05.1901
Find circumstances: excavation
Current location: Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum (on exhibition)
Inventory Nr.: 11.943

Inscription: SZ-59 (?)

Sources: Franz 1959: 228
Zemmer-Plank et al. 1985: 166 (cat. No. 37)


Sanzeno bowl.
Fine clay, from light brown to dark brown in colour; inside, in the bottom area blackish in colour. Moderate tempered of fine grained sand and argentine mica; reduction firing; burnished. High neck with widely extending mouth rim and the typical omphalos; throat between neck and shoulder.
Decoration in form of a circumferential ribbon. In the belly area striae-decorations. Decorations before firing.
On the transition from the belly to the bottom characters.
The find date, 22.05.1901, is given by Mancini (cp. LIR: 103; the information reminds of the find date of SZ-29 bowl, SZ-52 bowl, SZ-54 bowl, SZ-60 bowl, SZ-61 bowl as well as SZ-83 bowl given also by Mancini, cp. LIR: 141 [No. SA-101] resp. LIR: 132 [No. SA-81], LIR: 110 [No. SA-49], LIR: 130 [No. SA-79], LIR: 106 [No. SA-43], LIR: 113 [No. SA-53] and LIR: 141 [No. SA-100]). Further find circumstances like exact find place are unknown. Only Mancini indicates the 22th may of 1901 as find date. Related to the find spot Sanzeno it is known that there a two-day excavation directed by Franz von Wieser took place in the spring of this year (cp. Merhart 1926: 71–72). The objects found during this excavation were then brought to the Tyrolean State Museum (cp. Merhart 1926: 72; moreover von Merhart states here that the major part of all the findings made in Sanzeno between 1898 and 1914 was acquired by von Wieser for the Tyrolean State Museum). Connecting both information, in all probability the object comes from the excavation directed by von Wieser.
In accord with the typology the bowl can be dated to the 3rd–2nd centuries BC. Zemmer-Plank specifies the dating of the bowl to about 250–120 BC (cp. Zemmer-Plank et al. 1985: 166), therefore to the Middle La Tène period or La Tène C.
Probably first published in Franz 1959: 228, however with particular regards to the inscription. In IR: 280 (No. 58) only a transcription of the inscription. In LIR: 103 (No. SA-40) an insufficient detail picture of the bowl.
Autopsied by the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum in November 2013.



Franz 1959 Leonhard Franz, "Rätische Inschriften im Innsbrucker Landesmuseum", Der Schlern 33 (1959), 228–229.
IR Alberto Mancini, "Iscrizioni retiche", Studi Etruschi 43 (1975), 249–306.
LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)