SZ-28 bowl

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Classification: bowl
Archaeological type: Sanzeno-Schale
Material: pottery
Size: height: 6.6 cm, rim diameter: 9.4 cm, maximum diameter: 9.8 cm, base diameter: 2.4 cm, thickness: 4 mm
Condition: complete, restored, damaged
Date: 3rd–2nd centuries BC
Date derived from: typology

Site: Sanzeno (Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy)
Coordinates (approx.): 46° 21' 57.60" N, 11° 4' 30.00" E [from site]
Find date: June 1906
Find circumstances: old finding
Current location: Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum (repository)
Inventory Nr.: 11.940

Inscription: SZ-28 (ke)

Sources: PID: 21 [No. 207b]


Sanzeno bowl.
Fine clay, from light brown to dark brown in colour, with a moderate temper of fine grained sand and cast gold; oxidation/reduction firing; burnished. High neck and the typical omphalos.
The above-mentioned dimensions result of the autopsy by the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum. Marchesini indicates: "Diam orlo 9,5 cm; alt 6 cm; spess orlo 0,5 cm" (cp. MLR: 175).
In the area of the belly decorations, scratched before firing: Alternating x-shape characters, which are not part of the inscription, and groups of strokes, variantly 9 or 10 strokes.
Outside on the bottom an inscription.
The find date, June 1906, given by Mancini is uncertain (also Mancini indicates the find date as arguable; cp. LIR: 111). Further find circumstances like exact find place are unknown. However, concerning the other finds from Sanzeno the findspot Casalini is equally probable.
In accord with the typology the bowl can be dated to the 3rd–2nd centuries BC.
Whatmough, in accord with the notes given by Conway and Von Planta, published three inscriptions on potsherds with the No. 207a, No. 207b and No. 207c (cp. PID: 21). In actual fact however the latter two objects are complete extant Sanzeno bowls. In consequence of this misinformation Mancini publishes the same inscription twice: Once in accord with the the notes given by Whatmough (cp. LIR: 110, No. SA-50a) and once again with the No. SA-50b according to his autopsy of the object during a visit of the Tyrolean State Museum (cp. LIR: 111, No. SA-50b; in this context Mancini notes that "L'iscrizione sembra identica a PID 207b, ma la tazza che ho visto è intatta".) The study and autopsy by the team of the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum have shown that the potsherds with inscription published by Whatmough with the No. 207b and No. 207c are complete extant Sanzeno bowls. Therefore following concordance arises as a result: SZ-27 potsherd = PID: No. 207a = LIR: SA-58; SZ-28 bowl = PID: No. 207b = LIR: SA-50a = LIR: SA-50b; SZ-29 bowl = PID: No. 207c = LIR: SA-81 = LIR: SA-101. Cp. also the related objects in the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum: SZ-27 potsherd, SZ-28 bowl as well as SZ-29 bowl.
In the recently released study about the Raetic inscriptions by Marchesini the Sanzeno bowl is listed with "MLR 167" among the inscriptions from Sanzeno, an autopsy was effected (cp. MLR: 175 [MLR 167]).
Autopsied by the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum in November 2013.
S.K. with additional information by C.S.



LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)