SZ-29 bowl

From Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum
Revision as of 11:46, 16 April 2020 by Corinna Salomon (talk | contribs) (→‎Commentary)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigationJump to search
Classification: bowl
Archaeological type: Sanzeno-Schale
Material: pottery
Size: height: 5.4 cm, rim diameter: 9.4 cm, maximum diameter: 10.3 cm, base diameter: 2.4 cm, thickness: 4 mm
Condition: complete, restored, damaged
Date: 3rd–2nd centuries BC
Date derived from: typology

Site: Sanzeno (Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy)
Coordinates (approx.): 46° 21' 57.60" N, 11° 4' 30.00" E [from site]
Find date: 22.05.1901
Find circumstances: excavation
Current location: Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum (repository)
Inventory Nr.: 11.947

Inscription: SZ-29 (θkθθ)

Sources: PID: 21 [No. 207c]



Sanzeno bowl.
Fine clay, light brown in colour, with a moderate temper of fine grained sand and argentine mica; reduction firing; burnished. High neck and the typical omphalos.
The above-mentioned dimensions result of the autopsy by the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum.
In the area of the belly decorations, scratched before firing: four times a group of strokes each with a different number of strokes, alternating between five and eight strokes.
Outside on the lower belly area to the bottom the four characters: Θ sΘ sK sΘ s.
The find date, 22.05.1901, is given by Mancini (cp. LIR: 141). This indication reminds of the find date of other finds from Sanzeno incorporated in the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum: SZ-52 bowl, SZ-54 bowl, SZ-59 bowl, SZ-60 bowl, SZ-61 bowl as well as SZ-83 bowl. The indication is also given by Mancini (cp. LIR: 110 [SA-49], LIR: 130 [SA-79], LIR: 103 [SA-40], LIR: 106 [SA-43], LIR: 113 [SA-53] and LIR: 141 [SA-100]). Only Mancini indicates the 22th may of 1901 as find date. Related to the findspot Sanzeno it is well-known that a two-day excavation directed by Franz von Wieser took place in the spring of this year in Sanzeno (cp. Merhart 1926: 71–72). The objects found during this excavation were brought to the Tyrolean State Museum (cp. Merhart 1926: 72; moreover von Merhart states here that the major part of all the findings made in Sanzeno between 1898 and 1914 was acquired by von Wieser for the Tyrolean State Museum). Connecting both information, in all probability the object comes from the excavation directed by von Wieser. However, further find circumstances like exact find place are unknown. Concerning the other finds from Sanzeno the findspot Casalini is equally probable.
In accord with the typology the bowl can be dated to the 3rd–2nd centuries BC.
Whatmough, in accord with the notes given by Conway and Von Planta, published three inscriptions on potsherds with the No. 207a, No. 207b and No. 207c (cp. PID: 21). In actual fact however the latter two objects are complete extant Sanzeno bowls. In consequence of this misinformation Mancini publishes the same inscription twice: Once in accord with the the notes given by Whatmough (cp. LIR: 132 [SA-81]; in this context Mancini notes that during "una mia visita al Ferdinandeum dell'estate del 1972 non potei osservare il frammento perché introvabile".) and once again with the siglum SA-101 according to his autopsy of the object during a visit of the Tyrolean State Museum (cp. LIR: 141 [SA-101]). The study and autopsy by the team of the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum have shown that the potsherds with inscription published by Whatmough with the No. 207b and No. 207c are complete extant Sanzeno bowls. Therefore following concordance arises as a result: SZ-27 potsherd = PID: No. 207a = LIR: SA-58; SZ-28 bowl = PID: No. 207b = LIR: SA-50a = LIR: SA-50b; SZ-29 bowl = PID: No. 207c = LIR: SA-81 = LIR: SA-101. Cp. also the related objects in the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum: SZ-27 potsherd, SZ-28 bowl as well as SZ-29 bowl.
In the recently released study about the Raetic inscriptions by Marchesini the Sanzeno bowl is listed with "MLR 244" among the inscriptions from Sanzeno (cp. MLR: 215 [MLR 244]). The object listed with "MLR 244" refers to a "frammento di ceramica" and it is noted "già ad Innsbruck, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum (A) (PID). Dispersa." (cp. MLR: 215). The entire indications concerning the inscribed fragment are taken from the PID and Schumacher 2004 ("BIBLIOGRAFIA: PID 207c; RI, SZ-29" cp. MLR: 215). However, the present Sanzeno bowl must be connected with the object listed with siglum "MLR 220" where Marchesini erroneously indicates the object/inscription as unpublished (cp. MLR: 204 [MLR 220]). Therefore the Sanzeno bowl is listed twice in the MLR where the siglum "MLR 220" refers to the object and the siglum "MLR 244" to the information taken from the references. An association has not been taken into consideration.
Autopsied by the Thesaurus Inscriptionum Raeticarum in November 2013.
S.K. with additional information by C.S.



LIR Alberto Mancini, Le Iscrizioni Retiche [= Quaderni del dipartimento di linguistica, Università degli studi di Firenze Studi 8–9], Padova: Unipress 2009–10. (2 volumes)